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The Senator Walter Rand Institute for Public Affairs, Rutgers University–Camden, addresses public policy issues impacting Southern New Jersey through applied research, community engagement and organizational development.

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Home » Southern NJ Reports » Cumberland County

Cumberland County

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Cumberland County Map

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Population

The population of Cumberland County increased 7.14 percent from 2000 to 2010, rising from 146,438 to 156,898.

Race and Ethnicity

  • White – 50.3 percent
  • Black – 18.7 percent
  • Asian – 1.2 percent
  • Hispanic – 27.1 percent
  • Two or more races – 1.9 percent
  • Other (American Indian & Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians & other Pacific Islanders, and some other races) – 0.8 percent

Voting record

Cumberland County has 94 election districts, and 60.3 percent of ballots were cast in the 2012 Election out of its 92,653 registered voters.

Employment by Sector

  • Construction – 5.2 percent
  • Manufacturing – 9.1 percent
  • Retail and wholesale trade – 18.0 percent
  • Transportation and utilities – 5.7 percent
  • Finance, insurance, and real estate – 5.0 percent
  • Professional and technical services – 7.1 percent
  • Education and health care – 25.7 percent
  • Arts, entertainment, and accommodation – 8.4 percent
  • Public administration – 8.4 percent
  • Other services – 7.6 percent

Unemployment Rate

Cumberland County’s unemployment rate more than doubled from 2007 until 2012, going from 6.6 percent to 13.7. The rate spiked between 2008 until 2009 (from 8.1 in 2008 to 12.4 percent in 2009) as did New Jersey and the national trends. Cumberland County’s unemployment rate mimicked that of New Jersey (4.5 percent in 2005 and 9.3 percent in 2012), but was consistently 2-to-4 percentage points higher.

Poverty Rate

The poverty rate in Cumberland County has gone up and down, but has increased a good deal, going from 12.6 percent in 2005 and to 18.8 percent in 2012. Cumberland County’s poverty rate always stayed much higher that of New Jersey (8.7 percent in 2005 and 10.8 percent in 2012).

Median Household Income (in current dollars)

The median household income for Cumberland County started at $46,064 in 2005, and stayed fairly flat, reaching only $47,072 by 2012. It always stayed far below the median household income in New Jersey ($61,672 in 2005 and $69,667 in 2012), which never fell below $60,000 in that span.

Median Housing Price(in current dollars)

The median housing price in Cumberland County started at $133,000 in 2005, raised to $184,500 by 2008, but then fell all the way down to $165,300 in 2012. The price in New Jersey remained more than double, following a similar pattern, but starting at $333,900 in 2005, rising to $372,300 in 2007, and falling to $311,600 in 2012.

Housing Occupancy

As of 2012, there are 56,242 housing units in Cumberland County, 60.4 percent of which are owner-occupied, 28.6 percent are renter-occupied, and 11 percent are vacant.